Antheia and Iris are best friends, Iris more major but Antheia is a minor plant goddess involved with gardens, flowery wreaths, and crops. Iris the swift-foot came close beside her and spoke to her : ‘Rise, Thetis. Iris had 4 more siblings called The Harpies, they were monsters with heads of old women and bodies of vultures. . "And the chlamys he [Amphion] wears, perhaps that also came from Hermes; for its colour does not remain the same but changes and takes on all the hues of the rainbow." The ancient Greeks considered Iris the female counterpart of Hermes. : Aristophanes, Birds 1196 ff (trans. Rackham) (Roman rhetorician C1st B.C.) The space of the continents did bold Ares watch . There Iris entered, brushing the Somnia (Dreams) [Oneiro] aside, and the bright sudden radiance of her robe lit up the hallowed place; slowly the god his heavy eyelids raised, and sinking back time after time, his languid drooping head nodding upon his chest, at last he shook himself out of himself, and leaning up he recognized her and asked why she came, and she replied : ‘Somnus [Hypnos], quietest of the gods, Somnus, peace of all the world, balm of the soul, who drives care away, who gives ease to weary limbs after the hard day's toil and strength renewed to meet the morrow's tasks, bid now thy Somnia (Dreams), whose perfect mimicry matches the truth, in Ceyx's likeness formed appear in Trachis to Alcyone and feign the shipwreck and her dear love drowned. and so you slipped into this city on the sly and into these realms of air-land that don't belong to you. xiv. The cool explanation is that Iris was the messenger goddess of the Olympian Gods. O'Neill) (Greek comedy C5th to 4th B.C.) Iris obeyed and gliding down to earth along her many-coloured bow addressed Hersilie in the words prescribed; and she in awe and reverence would hardly raise her eyes. "Nothing of this escaped Hera . .’ The dwarf planet Eris is named after the goddess. 145 ff : .’ that's enough tall talk. [Poseidon complains about Zeus' order.] Hermeias (Hermes) hardly could win his way to heaven, and only when he had killed with his rod Argos the cowherd, sparkling with eyes from his feet to the hair of his head, and when he had set Ares free from prison [captured in a jar by the Aloidai (Aloadae)]. they must offer sacrifices, and not to Zeus at all! "Zeus . . . The cousin of Aiolos (Aeolus) Hippotades (son of Hippotes) [ god of the winds]. These were holding assembly standing close at hand swift-running Iris spoke to them, and likened her voice to that of the son of Priamos (Priam), Polites . Iris goes forth, and tricks out her beams, made dim by showers of rain. 80 ff (trans. Iris had some very interesting siblings. . Leader of the Chorus [of Birds] : Scan all sides with your glance. ", Virgil, Aeneid 9. 189 ff (trans. "Father Zeus sent Iris to the divine halls of Rheia, to inform wakethefray Dionysos, that he must drive out of Asia with his avenging thyrsus the proud race of Indians untaught of justice: he was to sweep from the sea the horned son of a river, Deriades the king, and teach all nations the sacred dances of the vigil and the purple fruit of vintage. . Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 8. . : 167 ff : Pearse) (Greek mythographer C1st to C2nd A.D.) : Homeric Hymn 2 to Demeter 315 ff (trans. She could travel very quickly from Mount Olympus to Earth, and could even journey quickly into Hades. . . Iris : If my father [Zeus] does not punish you for your insults . Pisthetairos : Let a buzzard rush at her and seize her. "Hersilie (Hersilia), his [Romulus the King of Rome's] consort, mourned his loss, and royal Juno [Hera] bade Iris descend her rainbow and exhort the widowed queen [to visit the grove of her apotheosed husband, the god Quirinus] . ", Homer, Iliad 2. She further performs her services not only when commanded, but she sometimes advises and assists of her own accord (iii. 1 ff (trans. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. you woman! So he spoke, and goldenwing Iris divine smiled to hear; then went her way, paddling in the false shape of a falcon . She mounted the chariot and beside her entering Iris gathered the reins up and whipped them into a run, and they winged their way unreluctant. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) Promise him Pasithea for his bride, and let him do my need from desire of her beauty. She is able to change shapes and when delivering messages to mortals Iris assumes the appearance of a mortal known to those who receive the message. .’ . Her Roman equivalent is Discordia, which means "discord". 200 ff (trans. She was usually depicted standing beside Zeus or Hera, sometimes serving nectar from her jug. Your father bids you destroy the race of Indians, untaught of piety. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Eris's Greek opposite is Harmonia, whose Roman counterpart is Concordia. ", Stasinus of Cyprus or Hegesias of Aegina, Cypria Fragment 1 (from Proclus, Chrestomanthia) (trans. Iris is a species of flowering plants with rainbow colored flowers, named after her. 350 ff (trans. Pisthetairos : Of which gods are you speaking? . Iris : Of which? Iris, a shade of the color blue, is named after her. Blindness Inducement:Through u… "The wife of Zephyros (West-Wind), Iris (Rainbow), the messenger of Zeus . Iris was a swift messenger goddess in Greek mythology and a popular subject for vase painting, but better known as the goddess of the rainbow because Hermes (Mercury) is known as the messenger god. p. 155. d; Plut. Faliscan Red Figure Vase Painting C4th B.C. "Juno [Hera] spies winged Iris and bids her swiftly obey Dione's [Aphrodite's] command and bring the Aesonian youth [Jason, leader of the Argonauts] to the appointed grove. Even your own father, chief of the Blessed, Zeus Lord in the Highest, did not rise to heaven without hard work, he the sovereign of the stars: first he must bind fast those threateners of Olympos, the Titanes, and hide them deep in the pit of Tartaros. Yes, you [Athene], bold brazen wench, are audacious indeed, if truly you dare lift up your gigantic spear in the face of you father. To differentiate the functions of Hermes and Iris, poets in the later day turned … In legends, she carries symbolic associations with messages and communication. . Some stories describe her as unmarried and primarily a messenger for the Olympian gods. : Homeric Hymn to Delian Apollo 102 ff (trans. Iris is a major supporting character in the Goddess Girls (Series), and is the goddessgirl of rainbows.She has been sent by Principal Zeus to go down to the River Styx on high demand, so it is likely for her to get along with Zeus too. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Homer, Iliad 2. In Greek mythology, Iris was the goddess of the rainbow, a messenger for Zeus and Hera who rode the rainbow as a multicolored bridge from heaven to earth. ", Aristophanes, Birds 1196 ff (trans. Photokinesis: As the Goddess of the Rainbow, Iris has the divine authority and absolute control over rainbow. Lamb) (Greek philosopher C4th B.C.) This colorful image led to the naming of the flower and to the colored part of the eye. Here Hermes, messenger of the gods, is closely connected with rainbow. ", Hesiod, Theogony 780 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Alcaeus, Fragment 327 (from Plutarch, Dialogue on Love) (trans. methinks I can hear the rustle of the swift wings of a god from heaven. "Now Thaumas married a daughter of deep-running Okeanos (Oceanus), Elektra (Electra), and she bore him swift-footed Iris, the rainbow. "Juno's [Hera's] maid [Iris the rainbow], who glides down through the liquid air and binds her pictured arc about the rainy sky. ‘Go,’ he says, ‘let Alcides [Herakles] . Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : He spoke to Iris first of the two, and addressed her in winged words : ‘Go on you way now, swift Iris, to the lord Poseidon, and give him all this message nor be a false messenger. Next, go to Aiolos (Aeolus), king of the sky-born winds, and to him too convey my wishes, which are that he should order all the winds of heaven to cease . ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 4. Then, her task performed, Iris departed, for she could no more endure the power of Somnus [Hypnos], as drowsiness stole seeping through her frame, and fled away back o'er the arching rainbow as she came . Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Ovid, Metamorphoses 14. But what do all these insults mean? Iris : May you perish, you wretch, you and your infamous words! In Greek mythology, Iris is the personification and goddess of the rainbow and messenger of the gods. ", Statius, Thebaid 10. : Callimachus, Hymn 4 to Delos 62 & 153 ff (trans. . Iris : Are there others then? 80 ff (trans. And she obeyed the dark-clouded son of Kronos (Cronus), and sped with swift feet across the space between. And she had two look-outs to keep watch upon the earth. But I myself will undertake an oath that never again shall they come near to Phineus.’ Day-Lewis) (Roman epic C1st B.C.) I need not tell you that one lovesick will do anything for hope.’ to C1st A.D.) : Ovid, Metamorphoses 14. . Empowering … : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 14. She is a beautiful young woman described as wearing a multi-hued gown. She spoke, and with her hand beat upon his languid breast, and charged him again and yet again, lest her message be lost. . Pisthetairos : Ah! O'Neill) (Greek comedy C5th to 4th B.C.) Rose-lipped Iris, daughter of Thaumas, thus addressed him : ‘[Delivering a message from Hera, inciting him against Aeneas] . Sokrates (Socrates) : Let us inquire what thought men had in giving them [the gods] their names . For the coastal-dwelling Greeks, the rainbow's arc was most often seen spanning the distance beteween cloud and sea, and so the goddess was believed to replenish the rain-clouds with water from the sea. . The son of Kronos (Cronus) will not let you stand by the Argives. . As the sun unites Earth and heaven, Iris links the gods to humanity. She stood bowing low, and bent down her head to kiss Rheia’s feet with suppliant lips. : Plato, Cratylus 400d & 408c ff (trans. He spoke, and swift wind-footed Iris did not disobey him, but went down along the hills of Ida to sacred Ilion, and found the son of wise Priamos (Priam), Hektor (Hector) the brilliant, standing among the compacted chariots and by the horses. . Theoi Project © Copyright 2000 - 2017 Aaron J. Atsma, Netherlands & New Zealand, (Hesiod Theogony 265, Apollodorus 1.10, Hyginus Pref, Nonnus Dionysiaca 26.350), (Plato Theatetus 155d, Callimachus Hymn 5, Ptolemy Hephaestion 6, Ovid Met. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) Pisthetairos : You hear how she holds us in derision. There is often much art, such as vases and murals, shown of her because she is worshiped and very beautiful. 467 ff (trans. Then she went to Hephaistos and easily persuaded him to rest. . Iris begged him to fasten Kronion with slumber for the course of one day only . She travels with the speed of wind from one end of the world to the other,1 and into the depths of the sea and the underworld. xiv. She also has a crush on the godboy of the west wind, Zephyrus.Iris can additionally create rainbow slides down to the Underworld. "[Hera addresses Iris :] ‘Iris, my voice's trustiest messenger, hie quickly to the drowsy hall of Somnus (Sleep) [Hypnos], and bid him send a dream of Ceyx drowned to break the tidings to [his wife] Alcyone.’ I come to you not eyeing you with evil intention but with the purpose of good toward you. "Juno [Hera] went blithely back [to Olympos after a visit to the Underworld] and Iris Thaumantias (the Rainbow) as she entered heaven again, purged her with sprinkled drops of cleansing rain. : ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. Iris (the Rainbow) and Zephyros (the West-Wind) were occassionally called the parents of Pothos (passion). "Thaumantias [i.e. Template:Cleanup-rewrite In Greek mythology, Iris (Ἴρις) is the personification of the rainbow and messenger of the gods. Greek Lyric III) (Greek lyric C7th to 6th B.C.) [N.B. 189 ff (trans. Pearse) (Greek mythographer C1st to C2nd A.D.) : : Ovid, Metamorphoses 11. 397 ff : Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 26. 5.) 10 (trans. [Apollon and] Iris, who is the messenger among the immortal gods, and spoke to them and addressed them in winged words : ‘Zeus wishes both of you to go to him with all speed, at Ida; but when you have come there and looked upon Zeus' countenance, then you must do whatever he urges you, and his orders.’ Iris : A safe-conduct to me. Hark! AELLOPUS (Aellopous), a surname of Iris, the messenger of the gods, by which she is described as swift-footed like a storm-wind. 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