Intensity Scale and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale. Advanced. Social Media Disorder Scale (SMD Scale) Description. Social media questionnaire Question Title * 1. how many social media sites do you have ... * 7. is checking social media the last thing you do before going to bed? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 127-139. Based on scale from Internet Gaming Disorder found in the DSM-V, for preoccupation, tolerance, escape, persistence, withdrawal, conflict, problems, deception, and displacement. such as social networking with Facebook). Volume 101, February 2020, 105960. The Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale is a very short questionnaire which can help to find out if you suffer from this. In addition to assessing SMAQ’s … This 9-item scale measures adolescents’ degree of addiction to social media. 6 0 obj Download PDF Download. Too much time on social media may take a toll on a young woman's sense of self-esteem, particularly how she feels about her body. The data related with the peer pressure gathered with the peer Pressure Questionnaire developed by Kıran (2002) and Perceived Social Support Measure developed by Yıldırım (1997) was used to measure the social support. A social network addiction questionnaire measures the levels of addiction of an individual towards a specific social networking website or social networking on the whole. If you scored a 4 or 5 ("often" or "very often") on at least 4 of those statements, it could be an indicator of social media addiction. In order to test the construct validity of the Social Media Addiction Scale and to reveal its structure in the applied group, principal component analysis was carried out with the remaining 523 units of data as a result of the assumptions. 12-14 15-17 18-21 Question Title * 2. endstream Just answer a few questions and then see a detailed report about your social media behavior. <> Addictive Behaviors. Analysis of the data displayed that there was a positive, significant correlation between number social media platforms across all three negative emotional states, Depression, Anxiety and Stress. The SSQ yields scores for (a) number of social supports, and (b) satisfaction with social support that is available. about well-being before questions about social media use to mitigate effects of priming. With the growth of the internet and the availability of several social media network options, more and more people are spending a higher amount of time on a social network. Social Support Questionnaire. Keywords social media use, psychological well-being, depression, priming, addiction, Facebook Intensity Scale . 7 0 obj study was to see whether social media addiction existed among students and the extent to which they were addicted if in fact the phenomenon existed. Content … There is growing evidence that social media addiction is an evolving problem, particularly among adolescents. To achieve this purpose, the Social Media Addiction Questionnaire (SMAQ) was used to assess the participants’ level of social media addiction. INTRODUCTION The Internet is a knowledge technology that has entered into every aspect of life as a means of information, trade and communication. Development of a Facebook Addiction Scale, Empirical Analysis of Religiosity as Predictor of Social Media Addiction, In Search of Underlying Dimensions: The Use (and Abuse) of Factor Analysis in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Problematic Social Media Use: Results from a Large-Scale Nationally Representative Adolescent Sample, A Quantitative Research on the Level of Social Media Addiction among Young People in Turkey, Internet dependency and psychosocial maturity among college students, Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, View 11 excerpts, cites background and results, View 3 excerpts, cites background and methods, View 3 excerpts, cites methods and background, View 16 excerpts, cites background, methods and results, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. 2 Social Media + Society Addiction Test (Young, 1998), modified to address social media, also measure these constructs. endobj Age? The Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BF AS).—This scale comprised 18 items, thr ee for each of the six core features of addiction: salience, mood modi cation, tolerance, withdrawal, con … Content available from Youbo Hou: 2019-Cyberpsychology-Social media addiction.pdf. 998 students participated in the study. The purpose of this study is to develop a valid and reliable measurement tool to determine the social media addictions of secondary school, high school and university students. Some features of the site may not work correctly. 2019-Cyberpsychology-Social media addiction.pdf. Similarly, Griffiths and Szabo (2014) distinguished between addictions to the internet (i.e., as a medium), or to a specific online activity (i.e., content). With the growth of the internet and the availability of several social media network options, more and more people are spending a higher amount of time on a social network. Collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation. Thus, there is a relation between social media and self-esteem. Results also demonstrated that BSMAS has appropriate psychometric properties. 8 0 obj PDF | The Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS), initially a pool of 18 items, three reflecting each of the six core elements of addiction (salience,... | … endobj A social network addiction questionnaire measures the levels of addiction of an individual towards a specific social networking website or social networking on the whole. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. endobj The analysis revealed males were found to have higher body image satisfaction than … Social Media Addiction Question Title * 1. 998 students participated in the study. Keywords: Social media, addiction, student, scale development, reliability and validity. Two hundred students from the four colleges of the University of Ghana were sampled for this study. 5 0 obj While the test can not be considered as a scientific diagnosis of your social media behavior, it … Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, Religious Commitment Inventory-10, Spirituality Index of Well-Being, the DASS-21 Scales, and the Facebook Intrusion Questionnaire, which was altered slightly to include all types of social media. Research into online social network site (SNS) addiction (i.e., excessive and compulsive online social networking) has expanded over the last years. Using the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS) and based on latent profile analysis, 4.5% of the adolescents belonged to the at-risk group, and reported low self-esteem, high level of depression symptoms, and elevated social media use. Share. The scale was developed with a student sample at the University of Bergen in Norway. Social networking addiction, attachment style, and validation of the Italian version of the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale LUCIA MONACIS 1*, VALERIA DE PALO , MARK D. GRIFFITHS2 and MARIA SINATRA3 1Department of Humanities, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy 2International Gaming Research Unit, Division of Psychology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK Œ0Ê#§À'¸z³ÀÞ¢»¯*È؁ÙZûD­VbhéšÑ4Ñ? Social Media Addiction Scale-Adult Form (Şahin and Yağcı, 2017) and Life Satisfaction Scale (Diener, Emmons, Larsen and Griffin, 1985; Köker, 1991) were used in the data collection process. Findings revealed that 19% of the respondents were not within the social media addiction bracket, 1% of the respondents were severely addicted and 80% of the respondents were mildly addicted to social media. 12-14 15-17 18-21 Question Title * 2. This test is designed to help you find out whether you have any social media addiction. A cross-sectional convenient sample of 23,532 Norwegians (M age = 35.8 years; range = 16–88 years) completed an open web-based survey including the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), the Narcissistic Personality Inventory-16, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. This paper aims to give a review of this research. Keywords: Social networking usage, university students, scale development, factor analysis. stream Social Media Addiction Question Title * 1. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 8 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 1>> Addiction Questionnaire developed by Young (1998) and adapted to Turkish culture by Bayraktar (2001). Anchored in general addiction theory, BFAS operationalizes Facebook addiction according to the following addiction criteria: salience, mood modification, conflict, withdrawal, tolerance,andrelapse . Age? Researcher-made validated questionnaire and academic performance test in English Language was used for data collection. Researchers found people with low self-esteem deluge their social media friends with negative details about their lives, which makes them less likeable. <> The roles of adolescents’ emotional problems and social media addiction on their self-esteem, Relationship of Assertive Behaviors and Social Media Addiction among Adolescents, Development of the Social Media Addiction Scale, Psychometric Properties and Validation of the Arabic Social Media Addiction Scale. Null hypotheses were subjected to t-test of independent samples. However, its psychometric properties in Persian have never been examined and no studies have applied Rasch analysis for the psychometric testing. endobj You are currently offline. Data was collected using self-administered questionnaires which was made up of 13 items from the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) which was … Data was collected by using self-administered questionnaires which was made up of 13 items from the Internet Addiction Test (IAT). To achieve this purpose, a generic questionnaire, the Social Media Addiction Questionnaire (SMAQ), was used stemming from the Facebook Intrusion Questionnaire. between the usage of social media and self-esteem, and social media use and satisfaction with life among university students in the United States. The participants are composed of 612 (380 female, 232 male) university students. Background and aims The Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), a six-item self-report scale that is a brief and effective psychometric instrument for assessing at-risk social media addiction on the Internet. Create your own online survey now with SurveyMonkey's expert certified FREE templates. Which of the following social media services do you use the most? The survey also collected demographic information for the research participants. 3. Social media use and health promoting lifestyle: an exploration among Indian nursing students. Web survey powered by SurveyMonkey.com. A measure of social support, the Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ), is described and four empirical studies employing it are described. We based our scale on the nine criteria for Internet Gaming Disorder found in the DSM-V, namely preoccupation, tolerance, escape, persistence, withdrawal, conflict, problems, deception, and displacement. However, its psychometric properties in Persian have never been examined and no studie … However, the absence of an instrument measuring social media addiction hinders further development of the research field. validity of the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS) in comparisonto the Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS) among 1099 young subjects (146 Facebook-only users and 953 who had an account on Facebook and at least one additional SNS). PDF | This study investigated the effect of social media usage, engagement, and addiction on academic performance. Export. xœ•MkÜ0†ïÿ‡9JÏj4’%A4»î6%Òur)=äní¶ô#Ð_{ӄuŠ»/ٚgKψïèädq¹. This test is designed to help you find out whether you have any social media addiction. 9-item scale measures adolescents degress of addiction to social media. 298 students participated in the second application during which the confirmatory factor analysis was…, Social Network Addiction Scale: The Validity and Reliability Study of Adolescent and Adult Form, Psychometric properties and measurement invariance of the 7-item game addiction scale (GAS) among Chinese college students, Determination of Mobile Addiction and Social Media Addiction Level of Parents and Their Attitudes Towards Usage of Technology, Social Media Addiction and Academic Adjustment: The Mediating or Moderating Effect of Grit Personality, Use and abuse of social media by adolescents: a study in Mexico, The Social Media and Technology Addiction and Its Associated Factors among University Students in Lebanon Using the Media and Technology Usage and Attitudes Scale (MTUAS). <> 476 students from secondary schools, high schools and universities participated in the first application during which the exploratory factor analysis of the scale was conducted. One way to measure is the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (originally designed for Facebook but since generalized for all social media). an online questionnaire containing four questionnaires including Bergen Social Media Usage Scale, Body Shape Questionnaire, Godin-Leisure Scale and the Adult Eating Behaviours Questionnaire. The purpose of this study is to develop a valid and reliable measurement tool to determine the social media addictions of secondary school, high school and university students. @ÆÁ -dBÍÁM¯ÃŽ*sÀ`°ë`휄“¥ýbѾkC£ìž%™¬7ÏءӀ’ò ÄÐςäré'h£‘}t¹`Ü8'ÄìrwóûC?Dpè%‚D†¶ÌƎ0?†vÌ\‰@?†æ.‡¾U„}Ð Í]èr"þ^yTà Background and aims The Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), a six-item self-report scale that is a brief and effective psychometric instrument for assessing at-risk social media addiction on the Internet. View Social Media Addiction Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. Effects of Perceived Social Support and Psychological Resilience on Social Media Addiction among University Students. “However, if you answered ‘yes’ to most or all of these questions, then you may have or be developing an actual addiction to using social media.” Although researchers haven’t concluded whether social-media addiction is real, recent studies find similarities between social-media use and addictive behavior, Bloomberg reports. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient and regression methods were used to analyse the data. Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS) BFAS is a six-item questionnaire developed by Andreassen and colleagues [13††]. (n= 724), reliability good. Social media has become such an integral part of everyone’s life that it has almost become an addiction for most, especially the Millenials. An Analysis of Internet Addiction Levels of Individuals according to Various Variables. Social media survey questions template is designed to collect information regarding the social media websites and what are the most preferred activities a person would like to carry out on social media. Respondents completed an online survey questionnaire which collected demographic information and responses to SMAQ, Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Which of the following social media services do you use the most? Convergent validity of the FBI scale is supported by results from two other studies in this review that showed that the scale had significant positive correlations with other scales measuring SNS engagement, namely the Social Media Use Integration Scale (r = .77; Jenkins-Guarnieri et al., 2013) and the Social Networking Activity Intensity Scale (r = .52; Li et al., 2016). To achieve this purpose, the Social Media Addiction Questionnaire (SMAQ) was used to assess the participants’ level of social media addiction. 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